The term ‘Dynamic’ is a discipline of mechanics responsible for the movement of objects with the effect of forces. Movement of the building is known as dynamic architecture which involves a fourth dimension – time. Building’s form and shape can change constantly, making it physically fluid, while exhibiting the ability of the structure to adapt to change.
Forms of Dynamic Buildings
The concept of dynamic architecture can be found in many different shapes and forms. The types are majorly divided as:
Static Dynamic – this includes buildings that are completely still but the form represents the effect of motion or fluidity, creating an optical illusion of dynamism. Curved forms or fluid architecture are based on static dynamic buildings.
Partially Dynamic – generally involves water moving elements, controlling of external building lights, dynamic facades, convertible furniture. Only some parts of the building can adapt to the changing surroundings.
Fully Dynamic – the whole structure can rotate or move in waves. These kinds of concepts are yet not implemented but there are proposals for fully dynamic buildings.
Dynamic facades can change itself in response to the surroundings which maximizes the performance of the building. It helps to maintain the internal environment naturally and also minimizes the energy consumption of building services. The responsiveness of the facade involves a change in the configuration using moving parts or movable panels that adjust ventilation, solar shading, heat gain and natural light entering into the building. Some dynamic facades include methods of generating energy using technologies like biochemical or solar photovoltaic panels.
Moving facade allows the building’s exterior surface to transform according to specific requirements and desires. Some designs limit themselves to elements that are purely decorative and aesthetic while some interact with the actual structure and the environmental conditions, creating a climate-responsive structure.
Sustainable Dynamic Buildings
Dynamic buildings are capable of interacting with climatic conditions and regulating energy through building surfaces. The construction method and the ability to produce energy on its own are two of the most remarkable features of Dynamic Architecture. These buildings are made of prefabricated units, custom made in factories that fits very high-quality standards, resulting in fast and cost-efficient construction.
Most of the contemporary buildings achieve comfort through mechanical systems. The use of technology with a basic design approach will always help in making simple and economical working systems. The major focus of designing buildings with sustainable elements and dynamic architecture is that it should reduce energy consumption without compromising users’ comfort.
Da Vinci Tower, Dubai
The proposed project by David Fisher is a huge architectural innovation with each floor rotating independently, resulting in a constant change of shape and form of the building. The main feature of the building will be the rotation of most floors around the central core regardless of other floors, so the floor will not be identical which allows the building to change its shape constantly. All building services systems will be connected through the central core, allowing apartments to be used in the usual style.
Construction and material
Natural and recyclable materials including stone, marble, insulated glass, metal, and timber are intended to be used in interior and exterior finishes.
The entire building, except the concrete core, is made of prefabricated units that arrive at the construction site completely finished including flooring, water pipes, electrical fittings, and other interior finishes. These units will be made of steel, aluminum, carbon fiber, and other high-quality materials.
Use of renewable energy
The tower can produce electricity through wind turbines installed horizontally between each floor. The turbines made of carbon fiber which insulate sound; produce more green energy for surroundings. 70 horizontal turbines will be constructed between each floor; every turbine generates 460,000 KW/h.
The building contains complete external glass surfaces that allow direct sunlight to reach the interior spaces of each component. Direct solar gain can be controlled by controlling the floor orientation based on the state of the external climate. All electrical devices will be of low energy consumption, intelligent computer systems to reach high energy efficiency.